This study was carried out to obtain morphological and physiological characteristics of ear mushrooms for an artificial cultivation. Eighteen strains were cultivated with bag culture and classified into mainly five groups such as brown, black, white, purple and others group. The highest yield was shown in 43007 strain as 98.3 g/bag and 43009, 43016, 43025 and 44035 strains were more than 60 g/bag. Among collected strains, 43007, 43009 and 43035 were selected in this study as superior strains. Three selected strains were investigated for optimal mycelial growth conditions. MCM and GPYM media were selected for the favorable culture medium. The carbon sources of 43007, 43009 and 43035 on mycelial growth were maltose, fructose and glucose, respectively and peptone was selected as a nitrogen source. Highest mycelial growth was observed when the C/N ratio was 10 for 43007 and 20 for 43009 and 43035.